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广东高职高考高频英语近义词用法(一)_惠州星华教育高职高考

admin_hua2022-05-22 14:23:22高职高考常见问题334来源:高职高考信息网
今天惠州星华教育老师给大家分享一下广东高职高考高频英语近义词用法(一),希望对大家有帮助。

今天惠州星华教育老师给大家分享一下广东高职高考高频英语近义词用法(一),希望对大家有帮助。


一. advise/persuade/suggest的用法区别


 
1. suggest
 
① 当"建议"解,可接名词、动名词和宾语从句,不能接不定式。
 
May I suggest going (to go 误) there by train?
 
我建议坐火车去那里如何?
 
② suggest还可接句型“to sb.+从句”。
 
I suggested to him that John (should) be fired.
 
我向他建议把约翰开除。
 
2. advice / advise
 
作"劝告,忠告"解,有下列四种用法:
 
advise sth.或doing sth.
 
advise sb. (not) to do sth.
 
advise sb. against sth.或doing sth.
 
advise(sb.) that sb.(should) do sth.
 
She advised prudence.
 
她劝告(我们)应谨慎从事。
 
He advised waiting till the proper time.
 
他劝告(我们)等到适当时机才行动。
 
I advised him (not) to do it now.
 
我劝他现在(不要)做此事。
 
I advised him against doing it now.
 
我劝他不要现在做此事。
 
I advised (him) that he (should) do it now.
 
我劝他现在就做此事。
 
advise后面加sb. (not) to do...,而suggest后面必须加sb.(或者sb.'s)doing...,当然两者都可以接宾语从句,注意宾语从句的动词形式必须是(should) (not) do...。如下面三个句子:
 
a.I advise my father to stop smoking.
 
b.I suggest my father( father's) stopping smoking.
 
c.I advise/suggest (that) my father (should) stop smoking.
 
3. persuade
 
后面接sb. to do...,它的特别之处是它表示结果,不表示动作,是"成功地劝说,说服"的意思。
 
I advise my father to stop smoking but I can't persuade him to.
 
我劝说我父亲戒烟,但是我没能说服成功。
 
此外advise与persuade之间可以转换,try to persuade=advise, manage to advise=persuade。

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